Anas bin Malik ibn Nadar al-Khazraji Al-Ansari was a well-known Sahabi (companion) of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam
He was an Ansaar of the Banu Khazraj. His mother was Umm Sulaym bint Milhân and his father was Mâlik ibn al-Nadr. Umm Sulaym was one of the first women to embrace Islam in Madina. She accepted Islam at the hands of Mus’ab ibn Umayr, who had been sent by the Messenger, upon him be peace, to teach the people of Madina Munawwarah.
Her husband became angry when he heard that Umm Sulaym had become Muslim and he overheard her teaching Anas the shahâda, declaration of faith. It is said that he left her and on leaving the house was attacked and murdered by one of his enemies. His mother was also known as Rumaysah but her actual given name is Sahla.
After the death of Mâlik, Abu Talha approached her with a marriage proposal. She refused as he was not yet a Muslim. He thought that she may have had a proposal from someone else and implied that he would offer her a greater dowry than any other potential suitor. She replied by saying that he was a non-Muslim and she was a Muslim, if he were to say the shahada and enter into Islam this would be a sufficient. He embraced Islam, married Umm Sulaym and went on to fight in all the battles that the Messenger, upon him be peace, fought. The companions would say that there has never been a dowry more valuable than that of Abu Talha.
When the Messenger, upon him be peace, arrived in Madina, Umm Sulaym presented her son, Anas, to the Messenger and asked if he would accept him as a servant. He was ten years old at that time and served the Messenger, upon him be peace, until his death ten years later. Many of the descriptions of the Messenger, upon him be peace, were related by Anas. Among them is the hadith describing how he dealt with people, he related that ‘I served the Prophet, upon him be peace, for ten years and he never said to me ‘why did you do that?’ after I had done something or ‘why did you not do that?’ after I had neglected to do something.’ ‘He never said a word of contempt to me’.
The Messenger, upon him be peace, asked him if he would like him to teach him three beneficial things, to which he answered ‘certainly, by my mother and by my father and by you, O Messenger of Allah!’ He then advised him: ‘Whenever you meet someone from my nation greet them and it will lead to a long life. Whenever you enter your house, greet its inhabitants and it will increase the goodness of your house. And pray the mid-morning prayer (al-Duhâ) for surely it is the prayer of the oft- repenting, righteous ones’.
Once, he dug a well, and found that the water was salty. He informed the Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) of this. The Beloved Rasool (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) placed his blessed saliva in the well. The blessing of this was that the water from the well of Hazrat Anas (radi Allahu anhu) became sweeter than that of any other well in Madinatul Munawwarah
His mother once asked the Prophet, upon him be peace, to supplicate for Anas. He, upon him be peace, said, ‘O Allah, increase him in wealth and sons, give him long life and forgive him his sins.’ Anas would recollect that he had 125 offspring in his lifetime and only two of them were girls, his garden gave fruit twice a year and had basil which smelt like musk and he had lived long and had even survived poison and he hoped for the fourth part of the supplication.
He was the last companion to die in Basra in the year 93H aged 103 years old. Before his death, he asked Thabit al-Bunani to place a hair of the Messenger under his tongue when he was buried. Ibn Sirin led the prayers upon him.
The Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) used to address him as Abu Hamza. He fought in eight battles alongside the Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam). He narrated two thousand two hundred and eighty six Hadith.
Qabr Sharif of Sayyiduna Anas ibne Maalik Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho
The Merits of Anas ibn Malik (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho)
from Sahih Muslim, Kitab Al-Fada'il Al-Sahabah
Anas reported that Umm Sulaim said (to the Holy Prophet) Allah's Messenger, here is your servant Anas, invoke blessings of Allah upon him. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: O Allah, make an increase in his wealth, and progeny, and confer blessings upon him in everything Thou hast bestowed upon him.
This hadith has been reported on the authority of Anas through another chain of transmitters.
Anas reported Allah's Apostle (Peace and Blessings be upon Him) visited us and there was none else (in the house) but I, my mother and my mother's sister Umm Haram. My mother said to him: Allah's Messenger, here is a small servant of yours, invoke blessings of Allah upon him. And he invoked blessings for me (that I should be bestowed upon) every good and this was what he (said) at the end of what be supplicated for me: O Allah, make an increase in his wealth, and progeny, and confer blessings (upon him) in (each one) of them.
Anas reported: My mother Umm Anas came to Allah's Messenger (Peace and Blessings be upon Him). And she prepared my lower garment out of the half of her headdress and (with the other half) she covered my upper body and said: Allah's Messenger, here is my son Unais; I have brought him to you for serving you. Invoke blessings of Allah upon him. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: O Allah, make an increase in his wealth, and progeny. Anas said: By Allah, my fortune is huge and my children, and grand-children are now more than one hundred.
Anas ibn Malik said: Allah's Messenger (Peace and Blessings be upon Him) passed (by our house) that my mother Umm Sulaim listened to his voice and said: Allah's Messenger, let my father and mother be sacrificed for thee, here is Unais (and requested him to invoke blessings upon me). So Allah's Messenger (Peace and Blessings be upon Him) invoked three blessings upon me. I have seen (the results) of the two in this very world (in regard to wealth and progeny) and I hope to see (the result) of the third one in the Hereafter.
Anas reported: Allah's Messenger (Peace and Blessings be upon Him) came to me as I was playing with playmates. He greeted and sent me on an errand and I made delay in going to my mother. When I came to her she said: What detained you? I said: Allah's Messenger (Peace and Blessings be upon Him) sent me on an errand. She said: What was the purpose? I said: It is something secret. Therupon she said: Do not then divulge the secret of Allah's Messenger (Peace and Blessings be upon Him) to anyone. Anas said: By Allah, if I were to divulge it to anyone, then, O Thabit, I would have divulged it to you.
Anas ibn Malik reported that Allah's Apostle (Peace and Blessings be upon Him) told me something secretly. I informed none about that and Umm Sulaim asked me about it, but I did not tell her even.